Question #4: What is the name of God appearing more than any other in the Old Testament? Explain its significance.

Yahweh in the Old Testament
Yahweh in the Old Testament

The name of God appearing more than any other in the OT is Yahweh.  It occurs about 5,321 times.  The significance of this name is three-fold:

It emphasizes God’s changeless self-existence.  This may be supported by the etymology and from the Lord’s use of Exodus 3:14 in John 8:58 to state His claim to absolute eternal existence.  

And God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM.” And He said, “Thus you shall say to the children of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’ ” (Ex 3:14)

Jesus said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM.” (Jn 8:58)

It assures God’s presence with His people.  “So He said, ‘I will certainly be with you. And this shall be a sign to you that I have sent you: When you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God on this mountain'” (Ex 3:12).

It is connected with God’s power to work on behalf of His people and to keep His covenant with them, which was illustrated and confirmed by His work in their deliverance from Egypt.

“Therefore say to the children of Israel: ‘I am the Lord; I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, I will rescue you from their bondage, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments” (Ex 6:6).

(Reference: Basic Theology, 53-54.)

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One-Minute Theology with Chaplain T features the question and answer portions of the Systematic Theology courses that were part of my seminary work at Piedmont Baptist Graduate School.  I will be posting one Q & A everyday until my ordination council meeting set for February 2014.

Please feel free to interact with me by leaving a comment or a question below.  I will try my best to respond right away.