Question #9: Discuss Augustine’s contribution to the Trinitarian issue in the Church.
Answer: Augustine wrote De Trinitate which “stated that each of the three Persons of the Trinity possesses the entire essence [of deity] and that all are interdependent on the others.” Schaff points out two of Augustine’s major contributions:
1. He eliminated the remnant of subordinationism, and brought out more clearly and sharply the consubstantiality of the three persons and the numerical unity of their essence.
2. Augustine taught the procession of the Holy Ghost from the Son as well as from the Father, though from the Father mainly. This followed from the perfect essential unity of the hypostases, and was supported by some passages of Scripture which speak of the Son sending the Spirit.
[Reference: Philip Schaff and David Schley Schaff, History of the Christian Church (Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1997).]
One-Minute Theology with Chaplain T features the question and answer portions of the Systematic Theology courses that were part of my seminary work at Piedmont Baptist Graduate School. I will be posting one Q & A everyday until my ordination council meeting set for February 2014.
Please feel free to interact with me by leaving a comment or a question below. I will try my best to respond right away.