Question #61: Briefly discuss substitution in the New Testament utilizing anti and huper.
Answer: Substitution is the Biblical doctrine of Christ suffering in the sinner’s place. Two Greek words, anti and huper, are both translated “for” in the English Bible (e.g., Mt 20:28 [anti] and Jn 6:51 [huper]).
More specifically, however, anti means “in place of” or “in stead of.” Huper has a two-fold meaning:
1) benefit, that is, non-substitutionary and
2) in the place of, that is, substitutionary. (But isn’t substitutionary itself technically a benefit for the sinner? I don’t see why there should be a dichotomy.)
One-Minute Theology with Chaplain T features the question and answer portions of the Systematic Theology courses that were part of my seminary work at Piedmont Baptist Graduate School. I will be posting one Q & A everyday until my ordination council meeting set for February 2014.